New Education Policy of India 2020

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New Education Policy 2020: The policy was launched on 29tth July 2020 with the approval of Union Cabinet. Further, Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I & B) Prakash Javadekar as well as Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank made the announcement regarding New Education Policy- 2020.

Timeline for ECE & New Assessment Pattern Implementation

Early Childhood Education

Phase 1 (2021-22): Starting of 1 year of pre-primary school & 3-month preparatory module for Class 1 students

Phase 2 (2023-24): Increasing of 1 year of pre-primary school via primary schools & Anganwadis

Implementation of New Curriculum & Assessment

Class 9th: 2021-22

Class 10th: 2022-23 (New Board Exam Pattern for Class 10th)

Class11th: 2023-24

Class 12th: 2024-25 (New Board Exam Pattern for Class 12th)

Detailed Timeline for Implementation & Goals in NEP 2020

2021-22Formulation of NCFSE ( National Curriculum Framework for School Education)
National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education
2022-23A common guide set of National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
Preparation of teachers for transformation in the assessment system
2023-24
2024-25
2025-26Attainment of Universal foundational literacy and numeracy in every primary school for all the learners by Class 3
State/ Union Territories governments to optimize resources via mechanisms to group or rationalize schools, such as school complexes, etc.
A minimum of 50% of learners should be exposed to vocational education in the school & higher education system
2026-2027
2027-2028
2028-2029
2029-2030Universal equipping of early quality childhood care & development
The qualification of teachers to be slowly moved into various multi-discplinary colleges & universities, with at least 4 year B.Ed degree qualification
Now, only educationally sound, integrated teacher education, and multidisciplinary will come in force as well as TEIs shall be transformed into multi-disciplinary institutes
2030-2040New Education Policy to be fully operational, a final review will be taken

Key Principles of NEP- 2020

  • Equal respect for Local Context & Diversity
  • Equality and Inclusion
  • Participation of Community
  • Use of Technology
  • Focus on Conceptual Understanding
  • Encouraging Unique capabilities
  • Critical Thinking & Creativity
  • Continous Review

New Features of NEP- 2020

  • Preparation of Schooling & Level of Elementary Schooling
  • School Infrastructure & Resources
  • Complete Development of the student
  • Inclusivity
  • Assessments
  • Curriculum & Pedagogical Framework
  • Teacher Qualification/ Recruitment
  • Role of Government/ Bodies/ Institutions

Brief Discussion of New Features

Feature 1: Preparation of Schooling & Level of Elementary Schooling

  • Early Childhood Care & Education (ECCE) for everyone by the year 2030
  • Achievement of 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in school education by the year 2030
  • Balvatika/ Preparatory class for 5-6-year-old children in pre-schools/ Anganwadis
  • School preparation modules for each Class 1st entrants
  • Setting up of Bal Bhavans
  • National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission

Feature 2: School Infrastructure & Resources

  • Special Education Zones (SEZ)
  • Utilization of the unused capability of schools as Samajik Chetna Kendras
  • School complex/ clusters for sharing of resources

Feature 3: Complete Development of the student

  • ‘No separation of curricular, extra and co-curricular, Arts and Science, Sports and vocational crafts. The curriculum should instill and integrate Indian culture & arts
  • Digital Libraries & policy of book promotion
  • Exploring of Innovative pedagogies, such as experiential teaching/ method of learning
  • AI-based software to track student’s growth through school years
  • Integration of Vocational Education from primary grades and 10 days (no bag days) internship with local trades/ craftsperson from Class 6th- 8th
  • Local artists to be master instructions in schools

Feature 4: Inclusivity

  • Gender Inclusion Fund for female & transgender students, extension of KGBVs to Class 12th, and equal opportunity to everyone
  • Special provisions for gifted children
  • AE (Adult Education) to focus on technology-based solutions
  • NIOS expansion to include vocational courses & courses for Class 3rd, 5th, and 8th
  • The medium of instruction will be mother tongue/ local language till Class 5th

Feature 5: Assessments

  • PARAKH: National Assessment Center for Performance Assessment, Review & Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development
  • Exams to take place in Class 3rd, 5th 8th, in addition to the exams in Class 10th & 12th
  • Board Exams: Modular, low stakes, on the basis of conceptual knowledge as well its application

Feature 6: Curriculum & Pedagogical Framework

  • New Curricular & pedagogical framework of 5+3+3+4
  • Reducing curriculum to core concepts

Identifying life skills to attain in every grade as a part of NICF

ICT integration in teaching & learning methodologies

Feature 7: Teacher Qualification/ Recruitment

  • The minimum qualification degree for teaching will be a 4-year Integrated B.Ed degree by2030
  • Recruitment of the teacher on the basis of TET, NTA Test as well as teaching demonstration; TET compulsory for teaching
  • Teacher’s minimum in-service should be 50 hours/ year
  • Nationa Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) by the year 2022
  • Every PhD student has to do a module on the education of teacher
  • IT & Data Based predictive planning for the requirement of students in TEIs. Also, TEIs to be moved to multi-disciplinary colleges and universities by 2030

Feature 8: Role of Government/ Bodies/ Institutions

  • Every state department will look after policy making. Directorate of Education (DTE) will overlook the operations. Also, SCERT is responsible to keep a check on the academics. Further State School Standards Authority will set up a few common standards for the online self-disclosure by all the public as well as private schools
  • Students to give online feedback on seld-disclosure by schools
  • Desire to re-designation of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to Ministry of Education (MoE) to shift the focus on education and learning

Official Website


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